Who We Are

The Nuclear Smuggling Outreach Initiative (NSOI) is a U.S. government effort to enhance international partnerships to combat smuggling of nuclear and radioactive materials.

NSOI is coordinated by the Office of Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism in the State Department's Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation (ISN/WMDT).

The Threat of Nuclear Smuggling
The Threat of Nuclear Smuggling
Fissile material -- highly-enriched uranium (HEU) or weapon-grade plutonium -- is the critical ingredient in building a nuclear weapon. Most experts agree that terrorists are not able to produce fissile material, but a reasonably sophisticated terrorist organization could make a crude nuclear weapon, or improvised nuclear device (IND), if it stole or acquired a sufficient quantity and quality of such material. Therefore, combating smuggling of weapons-usable nuclear materials is vital to preventing terrorists from acquiring nuclear weapons.